David Rand, Alberta, Canada

by Pete Kennedy, Esq.

Update, Fall, 2019: Good news from Canada! The Crown has decided to stay proceedings in its prosecution of Innisfail farmer David Rand for alleged violations of Alberta’s dairy law. Earlier this year the Crown brought charges for the “unlicensed production or processing of dairy products,” selling raw milk, and “obstructing, hindering or impeding [any inspectors] in carrying out their duties” under the Alberta Dairy Industry Act. Each of the charges carries a maximum $25,000 fine. A trial was slated to take place sometime this fall. (See Wise Traditions Spring, 2019 issue, “Canada – Raw Milk Enforcement Moves to Alberta” for background.)

According to a letter Rand posted on his farm’s Facebook page, what the stay means is that the court hearing the case considers the case file closed and has cancelled the fall trial. Rand and his wife Charmaine were told that even though technically the Crown has one year to reopen a case file after the granting of a stay, in practice, it rarely does so. Rand has worked on an effort to legalize raw milk sales in Alberta, a difficult fight to win. Canada remains the most oppressive nation in the world when it comes to enforcement against raw milk sales and distribution, but the stay in the Rand case is a significant step in the right direction.

This article was first published in the Fall 2019 issue of Wise Traditions in Food, Farming, and the Healing Arts, the quarterly journal of the Weston A. Price Foundation.

Canada–Raw Milk Enforcement Moves to Alberta

Original Story, Spring 2019: Raw milk enforcement actions continue in Canada; this time, it’s Alberta. The Crown has brought three charges against Innisfail farmer David Rand for alleged violations of Alberta’s dairy law: the unlicensed production or processing of dairy products, selling raw milk and “obstructing, hindering or impeding an inspector in carrying out their duties” under the Alberta Dairy Industry Act. A trial will likely take place this fall; each of the charges carries a maximum $25,000 fine. (For those who would like to support Rand, a GoFundMe campaign has been set up at ca.gofundme.com/dairy-freedom.)

In addition to the charges, the Alberta Health Services (AHS) has issued a “notice of closure” to Rand ordering him to “cease and desist the distribution, transport, processing or sale of unpasteurized milk or unpasteurized milk products.” One of the grounds for the order was that “distributing, transporting, processing or selling unpasteurized milk products” was in violation of an Alberta health regulation stating, “no person shall create, commit or maintain a nuisance.” Alberta Agriculture and Forestry (AAF) issued a second order to Rand, a “notice of seizure or detention” requiring that all milking equipment and any dairy products, including all future production, remain on Rand’s farm.

The charges and the orders against Rand stem from a November 7, 2018, raid on Rand’s farm and a supposed raw milk distribution site in Red Deer, Alberta, by officials from both AAF and AHS as well as the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP). The officials conducted the raid at both locations without any warrant.

The law in Alberta, as in all provinces of Canada, prohibits any sale of raw milk; there is a federal ban in the country as well. The ban has served as a protection racket for the dairy industry, but some of the farmers making up the industry might want to consider obtaining another outlet for their milk. The Canadian quota system has been held as a model for the struggling U.S. dairy industry, but there has been a tremendous decline in the number of Canadian dairies, falling from nearly one hundred forty thousand in 1960 to fewer than twelve thousand today according to The Globe and Mail.1

In Ontario, there is an ongoing court case where twenty-one Ontario farmers and consumers have filed in a Toronto superior court a constitutional challenge to the province’s ban on raw milk sales and distribution.2 In 2010 an Ontario court ruled in a case the Crown had brought against Michael Schmidt for illegally selling raw dairy, stating that there was a legal distinction between the public and private distribution of food and that informed consumers can waive the protection of public health laws. That ruling was reversed on appeal; raw milk proponents could use a similar decision in the country that is the most oppressive in the world when it comes to enforcement against raw milk sales and distribution.

Supporters of raw milk access in Canada may go to the educational Facebook page for Farm-Fresh-Milk (be sure to include the hyphens). The intention is to show that raw milk needs to be on the policy platform of every party. There is also a website with a petition for Canadians to have the right to obtain fresh milk produced by local farms; to endorse “We Choose Fresh,” go to farmfreshmilk.ca/wechoosefresh.

  1. Barrie McKenna, “Canada’s dairy industry is a rich, closed club,” The Globe and Mail, 25 June 2015 (updated 15 May 2018), theglobeandmail.com/news/politics/canadas-dairy-industry-is-a-rich-closed-club/article25124114/
  2. Pete Kennedy, “Farmers & consumers challenge raw milk ban.” RealMilk.com, 19 February 2018, realmilk.com/farmers-consumers-file-constitutional-challenge-ontario-raw-milk-ban/

This article was first published in the Spring 2019 issue of Wise Traditions in Food, Farming, and the Healing Arts, the quarterly journal of the Weston A. Price Foundation.

Pete Kennedy Pete Kennedy is a Florida attorney who has worked on issues governing raw milk production and distribution since 2004. He compiled a summary of raw milk laws in each of the fifty states and is currently a consultant for WAPF on, among other things, policies and laws regarding raw milk. Pete was a founding board member of the Farm-to-Consumer Legal Defense Fund (FTCLDF) and served as vice president and then president for many years. He has consulted on and drafted raw milk, cottage foods, and food sovereignty legislation; drafted and reviewed herdshare agreements; worked on embargo, seizure, and recall cases involving raw dairy products; worked on foodborne illness outbreaks attributed to raw milk consumption; handled issues involving on-farm slaughter, custom meat, and poultry processing as well as problems with zoning and local ordinances.