Maryland: Threat To Raw Pet Milk Dies

By Pete Kennedy, Esq.

A threat to Maryland producers of raw pet milk quietly went away on November 28 when the state Secretary of Agriculture Joseph Bartenfelder sent out a letter to interested parties stating that the Maryland Department of Agriculture (MDA) would not be including a requirement to put a dye in raw pet milk in regulations the department would be issuing governing raw pet milk sales. Inclusion of the dye requirement would have collapsed the market for raw pet milk in the state.

It was suspected that the Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DHMH) was pressuring MDA into adopting the dye mandate. DHMH has jurisdiction over raw milk production and sales for human consumption, which are prohibited in Maryland, while MDA has jurisdiction over raw milk production and sale for pet consumption. Pet milk producers in the state became worried when officials at MDA did not respond to inquiries about the dye requirement over a several-month period. It was the letter from Secretary Bartenfelder on behalf of the Governor’s office that broke the department’s silence on the matter.

As far as is known, MDA had never approved the sale of raw pet milk by in-state producers before the fall of 2015 even though the department has long had the legal authority to do so. Since that time, MDA has approved a number of producers for selling raw pet milk including Grade A dairies that had previously only been producing raw milk for pasteurization. The way the approval process works in Maryland is that a producer interested in selling pet milk files an application for registration with the Office of the State Chemist, a division of MDA. If the state chemist approves the application, then the applicant is officially registered and can start selling the product (See Wise Traditions Winter 2015 issue for background).

The proposed regulations MDA has submitted governing raw pet milk include packaging and labeling requirements as well as a requirement that pet milk sold at a retail store cannot be displayed with or in the vicinity of milk or milk products intended for human consumption. According to Bartenfelder, the draft regulations will be available online at, and the public will have an opportunity to comment on the proposed rules.

This article appeared in the Winter 2016 issue of Wise Traditions, the quarterly journal of the Weston A. Price Foundation.

About the Author

Pete Kennedy

Pete Kennedy is a Florida attorney who has worked on issues governing raw milk production and distribution since 2004. He compiled a summary of raw milk laws in each of the fifty states and is currently a consultant for WAPF on, among other things, policies and laws regarding raw milk. Pete was a founding board member of the Farm-to-Consumer Legal Defense Fund (FTCLDF) and served as vice president and then president for many years. He has consulted on and drafted raw milk, cottage foods, and food sovereignty legislation; drafted and reviewed herdshare agreements; worked on embargo, seizure, and recall cases involving raw dairy products; worked on foodborne illness outbreaks attributed to raw milk consumption; handled issues involving on-farm slaughter, custom meat, and poultry processing as well as problems with zoning and local ordinances.